John 10 is the great declaration of Christ as a perfect savior, – meaning, He doesn’t lose or fail to save any of those whom He knows – as “the door of the sheep….the door….[and] the good shepherd” (John 10:7,9,11, ESV) – meaning that not only does He perfectly succeed in saving all those whom the Father has given Him, but that He keeps them from falling all the days of their life on Earth.
“I am the good shepherd, and I know My own and My own know Me, even as the Father knows Me and I know the Father; and I lay down My life for the sheep. I have other sheep, which are not of this fold; I must bring them also, and they will hear My voice; and they will become one flock with one shepherd….You do not believe because you are not my sheep. My sheep hear My voice, and I know them, and they follow Me; and I give eternal life to them, and they will never perish; and no one will snatch them out of My hand. My Father, who has given them to Me, is greater than all; and no on is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand. I and the Father are one.” (John 10:14-16,26-30, NASB).
Let’s not forget we are making a connection here between Psalm 1:6 and John 10. There is an unbreakable, divinely harmonious work between the Father and the Son in saving and keeping His own sheep. Christ is saying that He knows His own “even as the Father knows Me and I know the Father.” Again, as we said in our previous entry, does this mean that the Father and the Son merely had knowledge of each other? It is interesting to see that the word “know” here is also a verb. 1
What does John 1:1-2 say of this “knowing” between the Father and the Son?
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God.” (John 1:1-2, ESV).
And again in John 17:5 (another wonderful passage on Christ as a perfect and Sovereign Savior and His perfect unity with the Father, as at the same time He is God in the flesh),
“And now, Father, glorify me in your own presence with the glory that I had with you before the world existed.” (John 17:5, ESV).
It’s not merely “having knowledge of something.” Think with me for a little here; Christ is equating His knowing of the Father and the Father’s knowing of Him with that of His sheep. Try to grasp that with your finite mind if you can. The eternal, divine, loving, intimate relationship between the Father and the Son and the Spirit is what Christ is equating with His knowing of His sheep! Christ’s knowing of His sheep results in them knowing His voice and following Him! Furthermore, connecting the dots with Psalm 1:6, Christ’s knowing of His sheep results in Him giving them eternal life so that they do not perish.
Which reminds me of John 3:16 – too often a grossly misinterpreted verse, –
“For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish have eternal life.” (John 3:16, ESV).
The Father gives the sheep unto the Son (John 6), the Son lays down His life for the sheep (John 10), He saves all those that the Father has given Him and that the Son has known from before the foundation of the world (Ephesians 1), He keeps them until the end (John 17). Clearly, the Son has not died for every single person ever born, being born, and to be born. This would mean that some of the sheep for which He atoned for (meaning satisfied the wrath of God on their behalf) will perish and pay the eternal price which Christ had already paid for at the cross. But what we have seen and will see in a moment is evidence enough that Christ will lose none of His sheep, but save them from perishing.
The wicked do not believe because they are not from those that the Father has given unto the Son. Read John 10:26 closely and in context. They will perish because they are not His; if they were His sheep, they would hear His voice and follow Him because they cannot reject it after God has called them because not one of His sheep will perish.
Remember that only those who are born from above, who are given the new birth graciously by God and regenerated by the Holy Spirit – who is also God – can believe.
“No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him; and I will raise him up on the last day.” (John 6:44, ESV).
Connect that to John 10:27-30,
“My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. I give them eternal life, and they will never perish, and no one will snatch them out of my hand. My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all, and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand. I and the Father are one.””
Who will not perish? His sheep. Why? Because He calls unto them by name, and they follow Him. Again, why? Because no one can or will snatch them out of the Father’s hand, which is also Christ’s hand, which (in passing) proves the deity of Christ and that He is a perfect Savior who has intimately known His sheep from before the foundation of the world and saved them.
Finally, John 17,
“When Jesus had spoken these words, he lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, “Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son that the Son may glorify you, since you have given him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him. And this is eternal life,that they know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent. I glorified you on earth, having accomplished the work that you gave me to do. And now, Father, glorify me in your own presence with the glory that I had with you before the world existed. “I have manifested your name to the people whom you gave me out of the world. Yours they were, and you gave them to me, and they have kept your word. Now they know that everything that you have given me is from you. For I have given them the words that you gave me, and they have received them and have come to know in truth that I came from you; and they have believed that you sent me. I am praying for them. I am not praying for the world but for those whom you have given me, for they are yours. All mine are yours, and yours are mine, and I am glorified in them. And I am no longer in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, keep them in your name, which you have given me, that they may be one, even as we are one. While I was with them, I kept them in your name, which you have given me. I have guarded them, and not one of them has been lost except the son of destruction, that the Scripture might be fulfilled. But now I am coming to you, and these things I speak in the world, that they may have my joy fulfilled in themselves. I have given them your word, and the world has hated them because they are not of the world, just as I am not of the world. I do not ask that you take them out of the world, but that you keep them from the evil one. They are not of the world, just as I am not of the world. Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth. As you sent me into the world, so I have sent them into the world. And for their sake I consecrate myself, that they also may be sanctified in truth.
“I do not ask for these only, but also for those who will believe in me through their word, that they may all be one, just as you, Father, are in me, and I in you, that they also may be in us, so that the world may believe that you have sent me. The glory that you have given me I have given to them, that they may be one even as we are one, I in them and you in me, that they may become perfectly one, so that the world may know that you sent me and loved them even as you loved me. Father, I desire that they also, whom you have given me, may be with me where I am, to see my glory that you have given me because you loved me before the foundation of the world. O righteous Father, even though the world does not know you, I know you, and these know that you have sent me. I made known to them your name, and I will continue to make it known, that the love with which you have loved me may be in them, and I in them.””
I will let John 17 speak for itself. What a beautiful, wonderful, convicting, and divine prayer! What beauty in the unity and intimacy between the Father and the Son! And to think that that’s what the Son asks for us! That we be one with the Father and with the Son and the Spirit! It is unfathomable. He has known us from before the foundation of the world because He loved us. We will not perish because we have been known by the triune God who lives! We will live forevermore and not perish because,
“….the LORD knows the way of the righteous, but the way of the wicked will perish.” (Psalm 1:6, ESV).
This concludes Psalm 1. Next entry we will make a summary of what we have learned from studying Psalm 1 all these past weeks. May you be blessed and find this edifying for your souls and minds!
1 Blue Letter Bible. “Dictionary and Word Search for ginōskō (Strong’s 1097)“. Blue Letter Bible. 1996-2011. 22 Dec 2011. < http:// www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?